CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24

CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24 for English, BST, Economics, Accountancy

Download pdf of cbse class 11 project work 2023-24 for English, economics, bst (business studies), accountancy etc. In this article you will get all of CBSE projects of class 11.

CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24 for English

Project-Portfolio/ Project Report
The Project-Portfolio/Project Report is a compilation of the work that the students produce during the
process of working on their ALS Project.

The Project-Portfolio may include the following:

● Cover page, with title of project, school details/details of students.

● Statement of purpose/objectives/goals
● Certificate of completion under the guidance of the teacher.
● Students Action Plan for the completion of assigned tasks.
● Materials such as scripts for the theatre/role play, questionnaires for interview, written assignments, essays,survey-reports and other material evidence of learning progress and academic accomplishment.
● The 800-1000 words essay/Script/Report.
● Student/group reflections.
● If possible, Photographs that capture the positive learning experiences of the student(s).
● List of resources/bibliography.
The following points must be kept for consideration while assessing the project portfolios:
● Quality of content of the project
● Accuracy of information
● Adherence to the specified timeline
● Content in respect of (spellings, grammar ,punctuation)
● Clarity of thoughts and ideas
● Creativity
● Contributions by group members
● Knowledge and experience gained

Cbse class 11 project english

CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24 for Business Studies



The course in Business Studies is introduced at Senior School level to provide students with a sound understanding of the principles and practices bearing in business (trade
and industry) as well as their relationship with the society.


Business is a dynamic process that brings together technology, natural resources and human initiative in a constantly changing global environment. With the purpose to help them understand the framework within which a business operates, and its interaction with the social, economic, technological and legal environment, the CBSE has introduced Project Work in the Business Studies Syllabus for Classes XI and XII. The projects have been designed to allow students to appreciate that business is an integral component of society and help them develop an understanding of the social and ethical issues concerning them.

The project work also aims to empower the teacher to relate all the concepts with what is happening around the world and the student’s surroundings, making them appear more clear and contextual. This will enable the student to enjoy studies and use his free time effectively in observing what’s happening around.
By means of Project Work the students are exposed to life beyond textbooks giving them opportunities to refer materials, gather information, analyze it further to obtain relevant
information and decide what matter to keep.


After doing the Project Work in Business Studies, the students will be able to do the following:
 develop a practical approach by using modern technologies in the field of business and management;
 get an opportunity for exposure to the operational environment in the field of business management and related services;
 inculcate important skills of team work, problem solving, time management, information collection, processing, analysing and synthesizing relevant information to derive meaningful conclusions
 get involved in the process of research work; demonstrate his or her capabilities
while working independently and
 make studies an enjoyable experience to cherish.


This section provides some basic guidelines for the teachers to launch the projects in Business Studies. It is very necessary to interact, support, guide, facilitate and encourage students while assigning projects to them.

The teachers must ensure that the project work assigned to the students whether individually or in group are discussed at different stages right from assignment to drafts
review and finalization.

Students should be facilitated in terms of providing relevant

materials or suggesting websites, or obtaining required permissions from business houses, malls etc for their project. The periods assigned to the Project Work should be suitably spaced throughout the academic session. The teachers MUST ensure that the students actually go through the rigors and enjoy the process of doing the project rather
than depending on any readymade material available commercially.
The following steps might be followed:

  1. Students must take any one topic during the academic session of Class XI.
  2. The project may be done in a group or individually.
  3. The topic should be assigned after discussion with the students in the class and
    should then be discussed at every stage of submission of the draft/final project
    work. The teacher should play the role of a facilitator and should closely supervise the
  4. process of project completion.
  5. The teachers must ensure that the student’s self esteem should go up, and he/she should be able to enjoy this process.
  6. The project work for each term should culminate in the form of Power Point Presentation /Exhibition/ Skit before the entire class. This will help in developing ICT and communication skills among them.
  7. The teacher should help students to identify any one project from the given
  8. I. Project One: Field Visit
    The objective of introducing this project among the students is to give a first hand experience to them regarding the different types of business units operating in their surroundings, to observe their features and activities and relate them to the theoretical knowledge given in their text books. The students should select a place of field visit from.the following: – (Add more as per local area availability.)
  9. Visit to a Handicraft unit.
  10. Visit to an Industry.
  11. Visit to a Whole sale market (vegetables, fruits, flowers, grains, garments, etc.)
  12. Visit to a Departmental store.
  13. Visit to a Mall.
    The following points should be kept in mind while preparing this visit.
  14. Select a suitable day free from rush/crowd with lean business hours.
  15. The teacher must visit the place first and check out on logistics. It’s better to seek
    permission from the concerned business- incharge.
  16. Visit to be discussed with the students in advance. They should be encouraged
    to prepare a worksheet containing points of observation and reporting.
  17. Students may carry their cameras (at their own risk) with prior permission for
    collecting evidence of their observations.
  18. Visit to a Handicraft Unit
    The purpose of visiting a Handicraft unit is to understand nature and scope of its
    business, stake holders involved and other aspects as outlined below.

a) The raw material and the processes used in the business: People /parties/firms from which they obtain their raw material.
b) The market, the buyers, the middlemen, and the areas covered. c) The countries to which exports are made.
d) Mode of payment to workers, suppliers etc.
e) Working conditions.
f) Modernization of the process over a period of time.
g) Facilities, security and training for the staff and workers.
h) Subsidies available/ availed.
i) Any other aspect that the teachers deem fit.
2. Visit to an Industry.

The students are required to observe the following:
a) Nature of the business organisation.
b) Determinants for location of business unit.
c) Form of business enterprise: Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Undivided Hindu Family, Joint Stock Company (a Multinational Company).
d) Different stages of production/ process
e) Auxiliaries involved in the process.
f) Workers employed, method of wage payment, training programmes and facilities available.
g) Social responsibilities discharged towards workers, investors, society, environment and government.
h) Levels of management.
i) Code of conduct for employers and employees.
j) Capital structure employed- borrowed v/s owned.
k) Quality control, recycling of defective goods.
l) Subsidies available/availed.
m) Safety Measures employed.
n) Working conditions for labour in observation of Labour Laws.
o) Storage of raw material and finished goods.
p) Transport management for employees, raw material and finished goods.
q) Functioning of various departments and coordination among them (Production, Human Resource, Finance and Marketing)
r) Waste Management.
s) Any other observation.
3. Visit to a whole sale market: vegetables/fruits/flowers/grains/garments etc.
The students are required to observe the following:
a) Sources of merchandise.
b) Local market practices.
c) Any linked up businesses like transporters, packagers, money lenders, agents, etc.
d) Nature of the goods dealt in.
e) Types of buyers and sellers.
f) Mode of the goods dispersed, minimum quantity sold, types of packaging employed.
g) Factors determining the price fluctuations.

h) Seasonal factors (if any) affecting the business.
i) Weekly/ monthly non-working days.
j) Strikes, if any- causes thereof.
k) Mode of payments.
l) Wastage and disposal of dead stock.
m) Nature of price fluctuations, reason thereof.
n) Warehousing facilities available\availed.
o) Any other aspect.
4. Visit to a Departmental store
The students are required to observe the following:
a) Different departments and their lay out.
b) Nature of products offered for sale.
c) Display of fresh arrivals.
d) Promotional campaigns.
e) Spaces and advertisements.
f) Assistance by Sales Personnel.
g) Billing counter at store – Cash, Credit Card/ Debit Card, swipe facility. Added attractions and facilities at the counter.
h) Additional facilities offered to customers
i) Any other relevant aspect.
5. Visit to a Mall.
The students are required to observe the following:
a) Number of floors, shops occupied and unoccupied.
b) Nature of shops, their ownership status
c) Nature of goods dealt in: local brands, international brands,
d) Service business shops- Spas, gym, saloons etc.
e) Rented spaces, owned spaces,
f) Different types of promotional schemes.
g) Most visited shops.
h) Special attractions of the Mall- Food court, Gaming zone or Cinema etc.
i) Innovative facilities.
j) Parking facilities. Teachers may add more to the list.
II. Project Two: Case Study on a Product
a) Take a product having seasonal growth and regular demand with which students
can relate. For example,
 Apples from Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir.
 Oranges from Nagpur,
 Mangoes from Maharashtra/U.P./Bihar/Andhra Pradesh etc.
 Strawberries from Panchgani,
 Aloe vera from Rajasthan,
 Walnuts/almonds from Kashmir,
 Jackfruit from South,
 Guavas from Allahabad,

 Pineapples from North East India,
 Tea from Assam,
 Orchids from Sikkim and Meghalaya,
 Pottery of Manipur,
 Fishes from coastal areas.

CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24
Students may develop a Case Study on the following lines:
(i) Research for change in price of the product. For example, apples in Himachal
Pradesh during plucking and non plucking season.
(ii) Effect on prices in the absence of effective transport system.
(iii) Effect on prices in the absence of suitable warehouse facilities.
(iv) Duties performed by the warehouses.
(v) Demand and supply situation of the product during harvesting season, prices near the place of origin and away.

Students may be motivated to find out the importance of producing and selling these products and their processed items along with the roles of Transport, Warehousing,
Advertising, Banking, Insurance, Packaging, Wholesale selling, Retailing, Co-operative farming, Co-operative marketing etc.

The teacher may develop the points for other projects on similar lines for students to work on.

The teacher may assign this project as ‘group’ project and may give different products to different groups. It could conclude in the form of an exhibition.
III. Project Three: Aids to Trade
Taking any one AID TO TRADE, for example Insurance and gathering information on following aspects.

1. History of Insurance Lloyd’s contribution.
2. Development of regulatory Mechanism.
3. Insurance Companies in India
4. Principles of Insurance.
5. Types of Insurance. Importance of insurance to the businessmen.
6. Benefits of crop, orchards, animal and poultry insurance to the farmers.
7. Terminologies used (premium, face value, market value, maturity value, surrender
value) and their meanings.
8. Anecdotes and interesting cases of insurance. Reference of films depicting people committing fraudulent acts with insurance companies.
9. Careers in Insurance.
Teachers to develop such aspects for other aids to trade.
IV. Project Four: Import /Export Procedure

Any one from the following

1. Import /Export procedure

The students should identify a product of their city/country which is imported /exported.

They are required to find the details of the actual import/export procedure. They may take help from the Chambers of Commerce, Banker, existing Importers/Exporters, etc.
They should find details of the procedure and link it with their Text knowledge.

The specimens of documents collected should be pasted in the Project file with brief description of each. They may also visit railway godowns/dockyards/ transport agencies and may collect pictures of the same.

Presentation and submission of project report.

At the end of the stipulated term, each student will prepare and submit his/her project report.

Following essentials are required to be fulfilled for its preparation and submission.

1. The total project will be in a file format, consisting of the recordings of the value of shares and the graphs.
2. The project will be handwritten.
3. The project will be presented in a neat folder.
4. The project report will be developed in the following sequence-
 Cover page should project the title, student information, school and year.
 List of contents.
 Acknowledgements and preface (acknowledging the institution, the news papers read, T.V. channels viewed, places visited and persons who have helped).

 Introduction.
 Topic with suitable heading.
 Planning and activities done during the project, if any.
 Observations and findings while conducting the project.
 News paper clippings to reflect the changes of share prices.
 Conclusions (summarised suggestions or findings, future scope of study).
 Appendix (if needed).
 Teachers report.
 Teachers will initial preface page.
 At the completion of the evaluation of the project, it will be punched in the
centre so that the report cannot be reused but is available for reference only.
 The projects will be returned after evaluation. The school may keep the best projects.
V. Project Five: A visit to any State Emporium (other than your school state).

The purpose of this project is that it leads to –
 Development of deeper understanding of the diversity of products in the states like
Assam, Tripura, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh,
Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Chhatisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and other states
of the country.
 Sensitization and orientation of students about other states, their trade, business and
 Understanding the cultural and socio-economic aspects of the state by the students,

 Developing the understanding of role of folk art, artisanship and craftsmanship of the
state in its growth and economic development
 Understanding the role of gifts of nature and natural produce in the development of
trade, business and commerce
 Understanding the role of vocational skills and abilities on the livelihood of artisans/ craftsman
 Understanding of entrepreneurial skills and abilities of the artisans/craftsman
 Understanding of the unemployment problem of the state and role of art and craft of the state in generating employment opportunities.
 Value aspect –
 Sense of gratitude – by appreciating the contributions made by others in the betterment of our lives
 Appreciating the dignity of work
 Sensitivity towards social, cultural, ethnical and religious differences Benefits of social harmony and peace
 Understanding and appreciating the unity in diversity in India
 Appreciating differences in race, skin colour, languages, religion, habits, festivals, clothing coexistence
Presentation and Submission of Project Report At the end of the stipulated term, each student will prepare and submit his/her project

Following essentials are required to be fulfilled for its preparation and submission.

  1. Nature of the business organisation (emporium)
  2. Determinants for location of the concerned emporium
  3. Is the space rented or owned
  4. Nature of the goods dealt in
  5. Sources of merchandise of the emporium
  6. Role of co-operative societies in the manufacturing and/or marketing of the
  7. Role of gifts of nature or natural produce in the development of goods/merchandise
  8. Types of buyers and sellers
  9. Modes of goods dispersed, minimum quantity sold and type of carrying bag or
    package used for delivery of the products sold
  10. Factors determining the pricing at the emporium
  11. Comparison between the prices of goods available at the emporium with the prices
    in the open market. Also highlight probable causes of variations if any.
  12. Kind of raw material available naturally, used in making the products
  13. The technique used in making the products i.e., hand made or machine made
  14. Has the child labour being used in making the products sold at the emporium
  15. Are the products eco-friendly, in terms of manufacturing, disposal and packing
  16. Seasonal factors if any affecting the business of the emporium
  17. Weekly/ Monthly non-working days
  18. Mode of billing and payments – Cash, Credit Card/ Debit Card, Swipe facility.
  19. Does the emporium sell its merchandise in installment / deferred payment basis
  20. Do they provide home delivery and after sales services.
  21. Different types of promotional campaigns / schemes
  22. Assistance by Sales Personnel
  23. Export orientation of this emporium and procedure used

24. Policies related to damaged/ returned goods
25. Any government facility available to the emporium
26. Warehousing facilities available / availed
27. Impact of tourism on the business of emporium
28. Additional facility offered to customers
29. Any Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) assumed by the emporium
30. Contribution made by the emporium to its locality.


The marks will be allocated on the following heads.
1 Initiative, cooperativeness and participation 2 Mark
2 Creativity in presentation 2 Mark
3 Content, observation and research work 4 Marks
4 Analysis of situations 4 Marks
5 Viva 8 Marks
Total 20 Marks

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CBSE Class 11 Project Work 2023-24 for Accountancy

Project Work (Any One)
1. Collection of source documents, preparation of vouchers, recording of transactions with the help of vouchers.
2. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement with the given cash book and the pass book with twenty to
twenty-five transactions.
3. Comprehensive project of any sole proprietorship business. This may state with journal entries and their
ledgering, preparation of Trial balance. Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. Expenses,
incomes and profit (loss), assets and liabilities are to be depicted using pie chart / bar diagram. This may
include simple GST related transactions.



It is suggested to undertake this project after completing the unit on preparation of financial statements.


The student(s) will be allowed to select any business of their choice or develop the transaction of imaginary
business. The project is to run through the chapters and make the project an interesting process. The amounts
should emerge as more realistic and closer to reality.

Specific Guidelines for Teachers
Give a list of options to the students to select a business form. You can add to the given list:
1. A beauty parlour 10. Men’s wear 19. A coffee shop
2. Men’s saloon 11. Ladies wear 20. A music shop
3. A tailoring shop 12. Kiddies wear 21. A juice shop
4. A canteen 13. A Saree shop 22. A school canteen
5. A cake shop 14. Artificial jewellery shop 23. An ice cream parlour
6. A confectionery shop 15. A small restaurant 24. A sandwich shop
7. A chocolate shop 16. A sweet shop 25. A flower shop
8. A dry cleaner 17. A grocery shop
9. A stationery shop 18. A shoe shop
After selection, advise the student(s) to visit a shop in the locality (this will help them to settle on a realistic
amounts different items. The student(s) would be able to see the things as they need to invest in furniture, decor, lights, machines, computers etc.

A suggested list of different item is given below.

1. Rent 19. Wages and Salary
2. Advance rent [approximately three months] 20. Newspaper and magazines
3. Electricity deposit 21. Petty expenses
4. Electricity bill 22. Tea expenses
5. Electricity fitting 23. Packaging expenses
6. Water bill 24. Transport
7. Water connection security deposit 25. Delivery cycle or a vehicle purchased
8. Water fittings 26. Registration
9. Telephone bill 27. Insurance
10. Telephone security deposit 28. Auditors fee
11. Telephone instrument 29. Repairs & Maintenance
12. Furniture 30. Depreciations
13. Computers 31. Air conditioners
14. Internet connection 32. Fans and lights
15. Stationery 33. Interior decorations
16. Advertisements 34. Refrigerators
17. Glow sign 35. Purchase and sales
18. Rates and Taxes

At this stage, performas of bulk of originality and ledger may be provided to the students and they may be asked to complete the same.
In the next step the students are expected to prepare the trial balance and the financial statements.


Guidelines for Project Work in Economics (Class XI and XII)
The objectives of the project work are to enable learners to:
 probe deeper into theoretical concepts learnt in classes XI and XII
 analyse and evaluate real world economic scenarios using theoretical constructs and arguments
 demonstrate the learning of economic theory
 follow up aspects of economics in which learners have interest
 develop the communication skills to argue logically The expectations of the project work are that:
 learners will complete only ONE project in each academic session
 project should be of 3,500-4,000 words (excluding diagrams & graphs), preferably hand-written.
 it will be an independent, self-directed piece of study.

Role of the teacher:

The teacher plays a critical role in developing thinking skills of the learners. A teacher should:
 help each learner select the topic based on recently published extracts from the news media, government policies, RBI bulletin, NITI Aayog reports, IMF/World Bank reports etc.,
after detailed discussions and deliberations of the topic
 play the role of a facilitator and supervisor to monitor the project work of the learner through periodic discussions.
 guide the research work in terms of sources for the relevant data
 educate learner about plagiarism and the importance of quoting the source of the information to ensure authenticity of research work
 prepare the learner for the presentation of the project work
 arrange a presentation of the project file Scope of the project:
Learners may work upon the following lines as a suggested flow chart:

Choose a title/topic Collection of the research material/data Organization of material/data Present material/data
Analysing the material/data for conclusion Draw the relevant conclusion Presentation of the Project Work.

Expected Checklist:

 Introduction of topic/title
 Identifying the causes, consequences and/or remedies
 Various stakeholders and effect on each of them
 Advantages and disadvantages of situations or issues identified
 Short-term and long-term implications of economic strategies suggested in the course of
 Validity, reliability, appropriateness and relevance of data used for research work and
for presentation in the project file
 Presentation and writing that is succinct and coherent in project file
 Citation of the materials referred to, in the file in footnotes, resources section, bibliography etc.

Mode of presentation/submission of the Project:

At the end of the stipulated term, each learner will present the research work in the Project File to the External and Internal examiner. The questions should be asked from the Research Work/ Project File of the learner. The Internal Examiner should ensure that the study submitted by the learner is his/her own original work. In case of any doubt, authenticity should be checked and verified.

Marking Scheme:

Marks are suggested to be given as –
S. No. Heading Marks Allotted

  1. Relevance of the topic 3
  2. Knowledge Content/Research Work 6
  3. Presentation Technique 3
  4. Viva-voce 8
    Total 20 Marks
    Suggestive List of Projects:
    Class XI
     Effect on PPC due to various government
     Invisible Hand (Adam Smith)
     Opportunity Cost as an Economic Tool
    (taking real life situations)
     Effect of Price Change on a Substitute Good
    (taking prices from real life visiting local
     Effect on Equilibrium Prices in Local Market
    (taking real life situation or recent news)
     Effect of Price Change on a Complementary
    Good (taking prices from real life visiting
    local market)
     Solar Energy, a Cost-Effective Comparison
    with Conventional Energy Sources
     Bumper Production- Boon or Bane for the
     Any other newspaper article and its
    evaluation on basis of economic principles
     Any other topic.

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