Agriculture Class 10 MCQ PDF Free Download 2022 for NCERT, CBSE and State Board
Download Agriculture Class 10 MCQ PDF Free Download 2022
- Agriculture Class 10 MCQ
- Agriculture Class 10 MCQ PDF
- Agriculture Class 10 MCQ PDF Download
- Class 10 Agriculture MCQ PDF
Primary activities include all those connected with extraction and production of natural resources.
Agriculture, fishing and gathering are good examples. Secondary activities are concerned with the processing of these resources. Manufacturing of steel, baking of bread and weaving of cloth are examples of this activity.
Tertiary activities provide support to the primary and secondary sectors through services. Transport, trade, banking, insurance and advertising are examples of tertiary activities.
Agriculture is a primary activity. It includes growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock.
In the world, 50 per cent of persons are engaged in agricultural activity. Two-thirds of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture.
Favourable topography of soil and climate are vital for agricultural activity. The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land. In the map you can see that agricultural activity is concentrated in those regions of the world
Types Of Farming
Farming is practised in various ways across the world. Depending upon the geographical conditions, demand
of produce, labour and level of technology, farming can be classified into two main types. These are subsistence farming and commercial farming.
This type of farming is practised to meet the needs of the farmer’s family. Traditionally, low levels of technology
and household labour are used to produce on small output. Subsistence farming can be further classified as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence
In intensive subsistence agriculture the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Climate with large number of days with sunshine and fertile soils permit growing of more than one crop annually on the same plot.
Rice is the main crop. Other crops include wheat, maize, pulses and oilseeds. Intensive subsistence agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.
Primitive subsistence agriculture includes shifting cultivation and nomadic herding.
Shifting cultivation is practised in the thickly forested areas of Amazon basin, tropical Africa, parts of southeast Asia and Northeast India.
These are the areas of heavy rainfall and quick regeneration of vegetation.
A plot of land is cleared by felling the trees and burning Them. The ashes are then mixed with the soil and crops
like maize, yam, potatoes and cassava are grown. After The soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned and the cultivator moves to a new plot.
Shifting cultivation is also known as ‘slash and burn’ agriculture.
Nomadic herding is practised in the semi-arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some Parts of India, like Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. In this type of farming, herdsmen
move from place to place with their animals for Fodder and water, along defined routes.
This Type of movement arises in response to climatic constraints and terrain. Sheep, camel, yak and goats are most commonly reared. They provide milk, meat, wool, hides and other products to The herders and their families.
Commercial Farming In commercial farming crops are grown and
animals are reared for sale in market. The area cultivated and the amount of capital used is Large. Most of the work is done by machines.
Commercial farming includes commercial
grain farming, mixed farming and plantation agriculture In commercial grain farming crops are grown for commercial purpose. Wheat and maize are Common commercially grown grains.
Major areas where commercial grain farming is practised are temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia. These areas are sparsely populated
with large farms spreading over hundreds of hectares.
Severe winters restrict the growing season and only a single crop can be grown. In mixed farming the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.
Exercises (Agriculture Class 10 MCQ)
1. Answer the following questions.
(i) What is agriculture?
(ii) Name the factors influencing agriculture?
(iii) What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?
(iv) What is plantation agriculture?
(v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their
2. Tick the correct answer.
Agriculture Class 10 MCQ
(i) Horticulture means …………
(a) growing of fruits and vegetables (b) primitive farming
(c) growing of wheat
(ii) Golden fibre refers to ………..
(a) tea (b) cotton (c) jute
(iii) Leading producers of coffee?
(a) Brazil (b) India (c) Russia
(iv) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single
crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting Agriculture
(b) Plantation Agriculture
(d) Intensive Agriculture
(V) Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
(a) Rice (c) Millets
(b) Gram (d) Cotton
(VI) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
(a) Pulses (c) Millets
(b) Jawar (d) Sesamum
(VII) Slash and bum’ agriculture is a [CBSE 2011]
(a) Shifting agriculture
(b) Intensive agriculture
(c) Commercial agriculture
(d) None of these
(VIII) Grapes are mainly produced in the state of ____________ .
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Andhra Pradesh
(IX) Bhoodan – Gramdan movement was initiated by…………
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Vinoba Bhave
(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(X) Grouping of small land holdings into a bigger one is called
(a) ceiling on land holdings.
(c) cooperative farming.
(d) consolidation of land holdings.
(XI) Oranges are mainly produced in the state of ____________ .
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Tamil Nadu
(XII) Intensive subsistence farming is practised in area of ____________ . [CBSE 2012]
(a) high population
(b) low population
(d) thick forests
(XIII) Which one of the following statements is incorrect as regards to commercial farming?
(a) Use of heavy doses of modem inputs.
(b) Crops are grown for sale.
(c) Family members are involved in growing crops.
(d) Practised on large land holdings.
9. Which one of the following is a rabi crop? [CBSE 2011]
10. The largest tea producing state of India is
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Arunachal Pradesh
CBSE Sample Paper 2022
CBSE Term 2 Syllabus
Class 10 Question Bank
3. Give reasons.
(i) In India agriculture is a primary activity.
(ii) Different crops are grown in different regions.
4. Distinguish between the followings.
(i) Primary activites and tertiary activities
(ii) Subsistence farming and intenstive farming.